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Gas Value Chain

This is the study programme for 2019/2020. It is subject to change.

The Gas Value Chain consists of several segments. These are: Brief summary of the entire Gas Value Chain characteristics as different from the Oil Value Chain; Gas Market Characteristics including key environmental issues; Gas Reserves Booking - SEC rules and Industry opinions; Gas Sales and Purchase Agreements and trading systems; The Norwegian Gas Transport System (The Norwegian Gas Machine) including regulatory and technical conditions; Thermodynamics related to gas processing and separation. Characteristics of LNG production; Transport and Distribution including LNG as an independent product in the market place; Gas as a transportation fuel - current practice and expected development; Industrially important gas conversion processes: fertilizer, methanol, and transportation fuels.

Learning outcome

On completion, students will have a good understanding of all the important aspects in the natural gas value chain, such as gathering, processing, dispatching, marketing, transportation, local distribution, EU natural gas policies and environmental policies. The students will also understand the essential technologies and economics of the three most important natural gas products: pipeline gas, liquefied natural gas, natural gas converted products, e.g., fertilizer, methanol, and liquid fuels.


The Gas Value Chain characteristics as different from the Oil Value chain as firmly linked to market outlets. An overview of the Gas Value Chain from reservoir through production, gathering, processing, dispatching, transportation, transmission up to utilization or local distribution.
  • Gas in the ground
  • Gas characteristics
  • The greenhouse gas emissions and the environmental impact

Gas Market Characteristics:
  • Main Regional Gas Markets
  • Market connectivity and bottlenecks
  • HUB dominated markets
  • Environmental aspects and Climate issues
  • Market competitors for gas
  • EU Gas Directives and Competition Law
  • Expected Market developments, various trends and expectations

Gas reserves booking:
  • SEC rules and regulations
  • Industry opinions and practice

Gas Sales and Purchase Agreements:
  • Field depletion contracts
  • Volume contracts
  • Parcel/stripes contracts at HUBs, ref NBP 97 contract
  • Expected developments

The Norwegian Gas Transport System (Gas Transport Machine)
Regulatory regime:
  • Owners, Operator and shippers
  • Areas and tariffs
  • Dispatching and balancing
  • Operations and maintenance
  • Receiving terminals and fiscal measurements

Thermodynamics related to gas processing and separation:
  • Thermodynamic principles
  • Reaction kinetics
  • Gas treatment
  • Gas separation

LNG Production, Transport and Distribution:
  • Liquefaction and liquefaction plants
  • LNG vessels
  • Regasification Terminals
  • Small scale LNG production, transmission and distribution. Norwegian and international examples.

Gas as a Transportation Fuel:
  • Maritime application and Marpol VI/ECAs
  • Heavy Transport
  • Local transport and Bus fleets
  • EU Directive on Alternative Transportation Fuels

Industrially important natural gas conversion processes:
  • Synthesis gas
  • Fertilizer
  • Methanol and hydrogen
  • Liquid fuels, lubes and waxes

Required prerequisite knowledge



Project work and final project presentation
Weight Duration Marks Aid
Project work1/5 A - F
Final project presentation4/5 A - F
Project work 20%; Final project presentation 80%, which will be evaluated in group as well as individually. Grades for project work is given to the students before the presentation. Sensor sets the final grade in the subject.

Coursework requirements

Group projects and field excursion are mandatory.

Course teacher(s)

Course teacher
Dori Yosef Kalai
Course coordinator
Zhixin Yu

Method of work

Lectures, team projects and presentation, gas processing plants visit


Compendium by Terje Martin Halmø and others: Gas value chain.
Other selected literature and papers.

This is the study programme for 2019/2020. It is subject to change.

Sist oppdatert: 06.06.2020